What Causes OCD and What Treatments and Therapies Are There? from Dr. Sanjeet Diwan's blog

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, is a mental illness that causes intrusive thoughts. These thoughts, fears, and images are persistent, even when the person knows them to be unrealistic or illogical, says the best psychiatrist in Bhopal. The severity of OCD varies from person to person. Some may have just one intrusive thought while others will have many different obsessions. OCD can present in different ways, but they generally focus on someone’s inability to feel in control of their own thoughts.


Signs and Symptoms of OCD


Most people who have OCD know what triggers their symptoms, but they are often unable to stop them. There are five main types of obsessions, each with different triggers. One of the most common is checking, the need to check the stove or lock the door one more time. Others include counting, the need to count every single light switch in a room; fear of contamination, fear of getting sick from germs; and sexual obsessions, the need to imagine violent or deviant sex acts. You might believe that you are crazy or that there is something wrong with you.


What are the 4 Types of OCD


There are four main types of OCD. The first is called simple obsessions. These are thoughts that are meaningless but cause anxiety. For example, when you're driving you might suddenly think about driving into a tree. This thought makes you nervous but doesn't cause any physical discomfort. The second type is called compulsions. These are actions that need to be done repeatedly because the OCDer feels compelled to do them, even though they have no positive effect or meaning. For example, a person with obsessive-compulsive disorder might spend hours walking up and down the stairs in an attempt to relax. The third type is called rituals. They’re usually repeated behaviors that serve no obvious purpose. For example, a person with obsessive-compulsive disorder might wear the same clothes every day, wash their hands excessively, or repeat words they’ve heard repeatedly. The fourth type is called obsessions. These are thoughts that occur to a person again and again.


When Should You See A Doctor?


Your answer may depend on when you started noticing the problem. The more likely it is that you have OCD, the sooner you should see the best psychiatrist in Bhopal. But there's no "normal" amount of time it takes for OCD to appear. If you've had the same thoughts for at least one month, you may need to see a mental health professional. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is treated by medicine, therapy, or both. Treatment can help you get better.


Final Words:


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by having unwanted thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that intrude on everyday life. Symptoms include obsession with trivial things, excessive time spent organizing, checking, washing, or cleaning. OCD is caused by the parts of the brain that manage impulses and emotional responses not working as they should. Treatments for OCD vary, depending on the individual, but can include talk therapy, medication, or both.



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By Dr. Sanjeet Diwan
Added Sep 17

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